Lathe mandrels are devices used to hold the job for machining on lathes. They are mainly used for machining outside diameters with reference to bores which have been duly finished by either reaming or boring on a lathe.
2) Which one of the following is used to hold the workpiece for machining diameter concentric to its hole / bore ?
Related Lathe Accessories MCQ - Turner (Set-1) with Answers
Revolving Centres are Frictionless. Used for supporting heavy jobs and jobs revolving with high speeds. A high-speed steel inserted centre is supported by two bearings housed in a body. It is also called the revolving dead centre.
The centre, which is accommodated in the main spindle sleeve, is known as a ‘live centre’ and the centre fixed in the tailstock spindle is known as a dead centre. In construction, both centres are identical, made as one unit that consists of a conical point of 60° included angle, a body provided with a Morse taper shank and a tang.
To face the workpiece up to the end of the centre hole
Though it is termed as half centre, little less than half is relieved at the tip portion. Used while facing the job without disturbing the setting.
The dead centre is made out of high carbon steel, hardened and ground whereas the live centre need not have its conical tip hardened as it revolves with the work. A good lubricant should be used for the dead centre.