Sine bars are rectangular bar made of stabilized chromium steel. The surfaces are accurately finished by grinding and lapping.
Two precision rollers of the same diameter are mounted on either end of the bar. The centre line of the rollers is parallel to the top face of the sine bar. There are holes drilled across the bar. This helps in reducing the weight, and also it facilitates clamping of sine bar on angle plate.
The length of the sine bar is the distance between the centres of the rollers. The commonly available sizes are 100 mm, 200 mm, 250 mm and 500 mm. The size of a sine bar is specified by its length.