According to the law of moments, if a number of coplanar forces acting on a particle are in equilibrium, then the algebraic sum of their moments about any point in their plane is zero.

According to the law of moments, if a number of coplanar forces acting on a particle are in equilibrium, then the algebraic sum of their moments about any point in their plane is zero.

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For any system of coplanar forces, the condition of equilibrium is that the

algebraic sum of the horizontal components of all the forces should be zero

algebraic sum of the vertical components of all the forces should be zero

algebraic sum of moments of all the forces about any point should be zero

The forces, whose lines of action are parallel to each other and act in the same directions, are known as like parallel forces.

The three forces of 100N, 200N and 300N have their lines of action parallel to each other but act in the opposite directions. These forces are known as unlike parallel forces.

Two like parallel forces are acting at a distance of 24mm apart and their resultant is 20N. If the lines of action of the resultant is 6mm from any given force, the two forces are 15N and 5N.